Does macular degeneration cause blindness?

Macular degeneration (Age-Related) is a common eye condition that can blur your central vision as you age. It happens when the macula, the eye’s part controlling sharp, straight-ahead vision, gets damaged. The macula is part of the retina (the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye). 

Macular degeneration is very common, especially in people 50 years or older. It is a leading cause of vision loss.

Effect of age-related macular degeneration - Does macular degeneration cause blindness - Global Eye Hospital
Effect of age-related macular degeneration

Types of macular degeneration

There are two types of macular degeneration. They are,

  1. Most people with AMD (Age-related macular degeneration) have the dry form, also known as atrophic AMD, which proceeds in three stages: early, intermediate, and late. Dry AMD progresses slowly over a few years, and there is currently no medical cure for late-stage dry AMD. Even though there’s no medical solution, patients can still take steps to make the most of their vision. And if they have late dry AMD in only one eye, they can take steps to protect their other eye.
  2. Wet AMD (advanced neovascular AMD) is a less common but more severe type of late AMD that causes faster vision loss. It can develop from any stage of dry AMD – but it is always considered late stage. Wet AMD is a condition where abnormal blood vessels grow in the back of the eye and damage the macula. If you’re struggling with your vision, treatment options can help improve your eyesight.
Types of macular degeneration - Does macular degeneration cause blindness - Global Eye Hospital
Types of macular degeneration

Various symptoms of macular degeneration

Depending on the stage, the symptoms of AMD will differ. As discussed above, there are three stages of Dry AMD:

  • Early
  • Intermediate
  • And Late

Furthermore, because AMD is a progressive disease, symptoms will generally worsen over time.

  1. Early dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) doesn’t cause any symptoms.
  2. People with intermediate dry AMD may not have any symptoms, while others may experience mild symptoms, such as blurred vision or difficulty seeing in low lighting.
  3. When one has late AMD (whether wet or dry), one might see that straight lines look wavy. Blurry areas near the centre of your vision may also become more noticeable over time. Additionally, colours might seem less bright, and you may have more trouble seeing in low lighting. 

Straight lines appearing as wavy is an early symptom of late AMD. If you experience this, you must see your eye doctor as soon as possible.

Symptoms of age-related macular degeneration - Does macular degeneration cause blindness - Global Eye Hospital
Symptoms of age-related macular degeneration

Treatment for macular degeneration

Currently, there is no treatment for early AMD, but your doctor will track the development of your disease with regular eye exams. You can help reduce the risk of progression by eating healthy, exercising regularly, and quitting smoking.

If you have been diagnosed with intermediate AMD, or if you have it in one or both eyes, you may be able to stop the progression by taking special dietary supplements. These supplements usually include vitamins and minerals. 

If you only have late AMD in one eye, taking these supplements may help to slow down the progression in your other eye.

In the case of wet AMD, There are two types of treatments that your doctor may suggest for you: Anti-VEGF drugs and photodynamic therapy (PDT). 

Anti-VEGF drugs are injected into your eye, while PDT combines injections and laser treatment.


Let’s discuss the main question, “Does macular degeneration cause blindness?”

People with AMD (age-related macular degeneration) can lose their central vision, affecting their ability to see things directly. This doesn’t cause total blindness but can make everyday activities more difficult.

For example, imagine you are looking at a clock with hands. With AMD, you might see the clock’s numbers clearly, but the hands might be blurry.

If you’re experiencing symptoms of macular degeneration, it’s essential to get tested as soon as possible. 

Global Eye Hospital is one of the most reputable eye care hospitals in Hyderabad, and we’re well-equipped to offer all treatment options for macular degeneration.

Book your appointment now for comprehensive eye care services.

The Global Eye Hospital

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